IFATCA Policy is:
From a Human Factors aspect IFATCA has strong concerns over the transfer of control responsibility to the cockpit for the following reasons:
Delegation of separation shall be thoroughly described and defined in ATC and Aircrew procedures.
Airspace within which Co-operative Separation is used must be so designated. Before establishing a single airspace continuum over different States, all legal issues regarding liability and protection of staff should be addressed.
ATC and Aircraft utilizing such delegated separation airspace shall be certified with minimum equipment.
Controllers and Aircrew shall be provided with special training and certification to operate in delegated separation airspace.
The “delegation of separation” clearance shall be of a temporary nature, and shall be terminated either at a fix, a specified level, a specified time, or when standard ATC separation has been re-established, or when one of the aircraft has landed.
All aircraft and controller functions in Co-operative Separation shall be synchronized to the same time reference.
“Loss of separation” warning systems shall be incorporated in the application at ATC facilities and on aircraft.
Standard escape procedures shall be established for aircraft not being able to maintain separation assurance.
|See: WP 154 – Santiago 1999 and WP 158 – Hong Kong 2004|
IFATCA Policy is:
States must have in place regulations detailing procedures to be followed before Separation Assurance can be transferred to the cockpit.
The Initial and final points at which Separation Assurance are transferred from ATC to the pilot must be accurately defined in all cases.
The responsibility for providing separation between the intercepting aircraft and all other aircraft must be clearly defined. ATCO’s should not be held liable for incidents or accidents resulting from an interception.
|See: WP 166 – Santiago 1999, WP 89 – Kaohsiung 2006 and WP 159 – Dubrovnik 2009|
Last Update: October 2, 2020