This working paper studies the situation where a controller is provided with surveillance data but is not authorised to provide a surveillance service. The paper compares ICAO SARPs to practical applications and recommends policy requiring publication of defined rules on the use of surveillance data.
ICAO has defined air traffic controller ratings that identify what service(s) the holder is authorised to perform. ICAO also defines some additional training required for surveillance ratings.
ICAO also provides guidance as to the role of surveillance data in relation to specific Air Traffic Services.
ICAO provides no guidance as to the liability of air traffic controllers and national laws will likely determine liability. Clarity can be provided, although, not with absolute certainty if the role of surveillance data in the controller’s duties is clearly defined.
The lack of a clearly defined rule set can also raise safety concerns when there are differences in the expected level of service between pilot and controller. No universal regulation on controller liability means that local national laws will determine liability.
IFATCA Policy is:
Where ATS Surveillance Data is provided to assist in the provision of an Air Traffic Service, rules on the use, restrictions and limitations of the surveillance data shall be published, so that legal responsibilities are clear and unambiguous.
Controllers who are required to use surveillance data shall be provided with suitable training in ATS Surveillance Systems.
|See: WP 312 – Las Vegas 2016|
Last Update: September 29, 2020