ATM Operations

ATM Operations

The domain of ATM Operations is vast, and is most certainly at the core of the profession of air traffic controller (ATCO). It includes inter alia the development of strategies and coordinated solutions for air traffic services (ATS), airspace management, air traffic flow management (ATFM). All this with the aim of achieving and maintaining a harmonized global ATM operational environment.


ATM OPERATIONS includes all aspects of air traffic services, air traffic flow management, procedures and phraseology for air traffic control, airspace management, civil military coordination, and wake turbulence separation minima. It also touches on a number of other issues, from the specific angles of ATM and ATC.


What falls under ATM Operations?

According to the ATM Operations Panel (ATMOPSP), the following areas of expertise are an integral part of ATM Operations (ICAO, 2020):

Global air traffic management

  • Required total system performance: safety, regularity, efficiency, certification and quality assurance
  • Autonomy of flight
  • Situational awareness
  • Separation assurance
  • Collision avoidance
  • Optimization of traffic flows

Strategic airspace management

  • Airspace infrastructure planning
    • airspace organization
    • visual flight rules (VFR) operations
    • facilities and services
    • airborne capabilities
    • airspace planning methodology
  • ATM requirements for communications, navigation and surveillance
    • ATM requirements for communications (required communication performance (RCP), automatic dependent surveillance (ADS) systems, controller-pilot data link communications (CPDLC), data link-flight information services (D-FIS))
    • ATM requirements for navigation (required navigation performance (RNP), area navigation (RNAV) for en-route operations)
    • ATM requirements for surveillance (required surveillance performance (RSP), ADS systems)

Tactical airspace management

  • Dynamic use of airspace, civil/military co-ordination

Air traffic services (ATS)

  • Air traffic services systems
    • flight data processing system (FDPS), radar data processing system (RDPS)
    • utilization of data link
    • automated display systems
  • Air traffic services procedures
    • GNSS operations
    • operations on intersecting and same runways
    • air traffic incident reporting
    • adequacy of distress and urgency communications procedures
    • flight planning requirements
  • Air traffic services integration
    • ATS applications for air-ground data links, data interchange between automated ATS systems

Air traffic flow management

  • Air traffic flow management systems
    • functionality, data bases, user interface, surveillance input
  • Air traffic flow management procedures
    • strategic and tactical ATFM, slot allocation, ATFM messages
  • Air traffic flow management integration
    • global networking, integration of regional ATM systems and procedures

Functional integration

  • Flight operations and ATS
    • ATS applications for air-ground data links
    • voice position reporting
    • automatic position reporting
    • ADS-broadcast (ADS-B)
  • Flight operations and ATFM
    • flight plan negotiation
    • dynamic flight profiles
  • ATS and ATM
    • assessment of impact on ATS of data link applications

Contingency planning and crisis management

  • Planning, technical support and implementation

Search and rescue (SAR) procedures and requirements

For more information, visit one of the following WIKIFATCA pages:

ATM Operations


Last Update: May 2, 2020  

October 27, 2019   71   superman    WIKI  

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