The concepts of Aerodrome Operations and Airport Collaborative Decision Making (A-CDM) include inter alia the sharing of information between stakeholders and predefines the rules and procedures for everything related to the airport domain, its surroundings, and of course the collaboration between the different actors operating at the aerodrome.
Aerodrome operations and A-CDM aim at optimizing the use of all airport resources, reduce arrival and departure delays, and improve predictability during regular and irregular operations. The main objective is to generate a common situational awareness that will foster improved decision-making.
What falls under Aerodrome Operations?
According to the Aerodrome Design and Operations Panel (ADOP), the following areas of expertise are an integral part of Aerodrome Operations (ICAO, 2020):
- Planning and design
- System capacity enhancement
- Visual aids for navigation
- Operations and services
- Emergency response planning (ERP)
In addition, Aerodrome Operations also involve close coordination with the following domains:
- Air traffic management
- Aircraft operations
- Aeronautical information management
The Aerodrome Operations domain also covers these specific topics:
- Global reporting format for runway surface condition reporting for aircraft operations on contaminated runways
- Installation of arresting system to address operational issues and criteria for design specification
- Airport collaborative decision making (A-CDM)
- Industry best practices
- Procedures on airport operational management activities
- Airport emergency response including rescue and fire fighting
- Advanced surface movement guidance and control systems (A-SMGCS)
- Final approach and take-off area characteristics for heliports
- Obstacle limitation surfaces
For more information, visit one of the following WIKIFATCA pages:
ADME 2.16 CONDITIONAL CLEARANCES TO RESCUE AND FIREFIGHTING VEHICLES
In an emergency situation controllers are always required to use professional judgement and experience to determine the best course of action. Sometimes this causes conflict with rules and regulations that might, in those circumstances, be unfit for purpose. All controllers know that special circumstances call for special measures; indeed, ICAO Doc 4444 and many local manuals make a provision1 for controllers to do exactly that in emergency situations.
When an aircraft makes an emergency landing or a precautionary landing with associated risks, the aerodrome’s fire brigade is usually on standby at a tactical position near the runway in use. Releasing the runway to the emergency vehicles vis à vis the landing traffic is a time and safety critical operation.
ICAO does not explicitly describe procedures for issuing conditional clearances to vehicles but it has been suggested that those might help in facilitating the expeditious handling of emergencies by aerodrome tower controllers. Therefore, it was determined that TOC should examine the utility and feasibility of conditional clearances for rescue and firefighting (RFF) vehicles.
IFATCA Policy is:
The implementation of procedures using conditional phrases to instruct and / or clear Rescue and Fire Fighting vehicles is only acceptable if:
|See: Resolution B1 – WP 86 – Toronto 2017|
Last Update: May 2, 2020
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Last Update: May 2, 2020